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1 . . Kronasser, Handbuch der Semasiologie, Heidelberg, 1952, . 29 . Bal dinger, Die Semasiologie, Berlin, 1957, . 4 .

2 . real, Les lois intellectuelles du langage, LAnnuaire de lAssociation pour lencouragement des etudes grecques en France;

A.

W. Read account of the word semantics, . Word, IV, 1948, . 7897.

3 F. de Saussure, Cours de linguistique generate, . 4-, Paris, 1949, . 132 (. .: . , , ., 1933, . 98).

4 . Jespersen, Mankind, nation, and individual from a linguistic point of view, Oslo, 1925, . 212.

6 . . , , ., 1957, . 46.

6 L. Bloomfield, Language, New York, 1933, . 20 (. .: . , , ., 1968).

7 . R. . Robins, Ancient and mediaeval grammatical theory in Europe, London, 1951, crp. 20 .

8 . F. Hockett, A course in modern linguistics, New York, 1958, . 123.

9 L. Bloomfield, Language, New York, 1933, . 178 ( . 187).

10 . S. U11 m a n n, Principles of semantics, . 2-, Glasgow Oxford, 1959, . 58 .

11 F. de Saussure, . ., . 134 . ( . 100).

12 Cp S. U 11 m a n n, Descriptive semantics and linguistic typology, Word, IX, 1953, . 225240 . Anthropological Linguistics, III, 1961, . 27.

13 . A. Sommerfelt, Points de vue diachronique, synchro- nique et panchronique en linguistique generate, Norsk Tidsskrift for Sprogvidenskap, IX, 1938, . 240249.

14 F. de Saussure, . ., . 100 ( . 79).

15 .

S U 11 m a n n, Principles of semantics, . 83 . 305.

16 F. de Saussure, . ., . 180 . ( . . 127). . L. Zawadowski, The so-called relative motivation in language, Omagiu lui lorgu Iordan, Bucharest, 1958, . 927937.

17 F. de Saussure, . ., . 183 . ( . 129).

18 . V. Grove, The Language Bar, London, 1949, . 45 .

19 . U. Weinreich Language, XXXI, 1955, . 538. . G. Mounin Bulletin de la Societe de Linguistique de Paris, 55, 1960, . 50.

20 V. G v e, . .

21 . M. Wandruszka, Etymologie und Philosophie, Ety- mologica. Walther von Wartburg zum 70. Geburtstag, Tubingen,

1958, . 857871; . 858 . . , . 866 .

22 . Ch. Bally, Linguistique generate et linguistique frangaise,

. 3-, Berne, 1950, . 343 ( : III. ,

, ., 1955,

. 374).

23 . Z. Go mb z, Jelentestan (), Pecs, 1926, . 12.

24 . . h a s t a n g, Le symbolisme des voyelles. Significations des I., Journal de Psychologie, LV, 1958, . 403423, 461481.

26 Cp. O. Jespersen, Language: Its nature, development, and origin, London, 1934, . 402.

26 . I Fdnagy, A koltoi nyelv hangtanabdl, From the phonetics of the language of poetry, Budapest, 1959, . 24 . 71.

27 . . Wissemann, Untersuchungen zur Onomatopoiie, I, Heidelberg, 1954.

28 V. n d a 1, Le frangais, langue abstraite, Copenhagen, 1936; Ch. Bally, . .,. 346 . ( . 377); J. , Words and sounds in English and French, Oxford, 1953, . VIII. . . F. Hockett, Chinese versus English, Language in culture .

, Chicago, 1954, . 106123.

29 . Ch Bally, . ., . 350 ( . 382).

30 . . Jespersen, Language, . 429.

31 . 11, A note on primitive languages, International Journal of American Linguistics, XVIII, 1952, . 172177.

82 A. Kaplan, Language in culture, . 219.

33 W. a p e r, Kindersprachforschung mit Hilfe des Kindes, Groningen, 1959, . 11.

34 W von Wartburg, : . Baldinger Letymologie hier et aujourdhui, Cahiers de lAssociation Internationale des Etudes Frangaises, XI, 1959, . 233264; . 259.

35 Language, thought, and culture, P. Henle, Ann Arbor, 1958, . 5.

36 .

37 . real, Essai de slmantique, . 6-, Paris, 1924, . 26?

38 L. Bloomfield, . ., . 145 ( . 148149).

39 . Schick, linguaggio, Turin, 1960, . 188.

40 W. F. 11 n s n, Comparative synonymies, Transactions of the Philological Society, 1939, . 5477.

41 . F. Brunot S. Bruneau, Precis de grammaire historique de la langue frangaise, . 3-, Paris, 1949, . 172.

42 O. Jespersen, Growth and structure of the English language, . 6-, Leipzig, 1930, . 48.

43 W von Wartburg, Probldmes et methodes de la linguistique, Paris, 1946, . 175 .

44 , 135.

45 . Schwob G. Guleysse, Etudes sur largot frangais, Memoires de la Societe de Linguistique de Paris, VII, 1892, 3356 . Migliorini, Calco e irradiazione sinonimica, Boletin del Instituto Caro Cuervo, IV, 1948, . 317; Saggi linguistici, Florence, 1957 . ,

46 .

S. s h, Analogy as a factor In semantic change, Language, 2, 1926, . 3545.

47W. M. Urban, Language and reality, London, 1939, . 112 .

48 M 1, Essai de semantique, . 144.

49 To .

60 G . Z p f, The repetition of words Time-Perspective, and semantic balance, The Journal of General Psychology, XXXII, 1945, . 127148; . 144. . : Human behavior and the principle of least effort, Cambridge, Mass., 1949.

61 G. K. Zip f, The meaning-frequency relationship of words, The Journal of General Psychology, XXXIII, 1945, . 251256; 255.

52 J. Whatmough, Language. A modern synthesis, London, 1956, . 73.

53 L. Wittgenstein, Philosophical investigations, Macmillan, 1953, . 34.

54 Cm. Kr. N p, Grammaire historique de la langue frangaise, IV: Semantique, Copenhagen, 1913, . 26.

55 . A. Rudskoger, Fair, foul, nice, proper: A contribution to the study of polysemy, Stockholm, 1952, . 473 .

66 , . 439. . R. J. Men ; Multiple meaning and change of meaning in English, Language, XXI, 1945, . 5976.

57 . K. J a b e r g, Aspects geographiques du langage, Paris, 1936, . 64.

58 . R. G d 1, Homonymie et identite, Cahiers Ferdinand de Saussure, VII, 1948, . 515; P. Diaconescu, Omonimia si polisemia, Probleme de Lingvistica General!, I, Bucharest, 1959, . 133153; .. , , , 1960, Ns 5, . 8588. . U. Weinreich, Language, XXXI, 1955, . 541 .

89 . n k a, A phonological analysis of present-day Standard English, Prague, 1935, . 5793. . . Jespersen, - nosyllabism in English, Linguistica, Copenhagen London, 1933, . 384408. .

, , , .

60 . Bally, . ., . 269 . ( . 307); L. . mer, The French language today, London, 1954, IV; A. Schonhage, Zur Struktur des franzosischen Wort- schatzes Der franzdsische Einsilber, Bonn, 1948, ; . Le Frangais Moderne, XX, 1952, . 6668. . P. Miron, Recherches sur la typologie des langues romanes, Atti dell VIII. Congresso Interna- zionale di Studi Romanzi, Florence, 1960, vol. II, . 693 697.

61 L. Bloomfield, . ., . 502 ( . 551552).

62 W. von Wartburg, . ., III; J. , . ., XII, XIII; I. Iordan J. , An introduction to Romance linguistics, London, 1937, . III. . R. J. , The conflict of homonyms in English, Language, XII, 1936, . 229244 E. R. Williams, The conflict of homonyms in English, Yale Studies in English, 100, 1944.

63 Cp. W. von Wartburg, . S. Ullmann, Principles of semantics, . 144 .

64 . Z. G m b z, . ., . 6 . . A. Sauvageot, A propos des changements seman- tiques, Journal de Psychologie, XLVI* 1953 . 465472.

66 . . g 1 n , Graitacielo, Lingua e cultura, Rome, 1948, . 283 .

66 . a g 1 a v n , Di alcune denominazioni della pupilla, An- nali dellIstituto Universitario di Napoli, N. S., HI, 194J, . 341 378, . 363 .

67 . Z. G m b z, . ., . 94; . 11 n d , Fenno-Ugric Vocabulary, Stockholm, 1955, . 25 (. . kieli) 43 (. . nyelv); G. Revecz, The origin and prehistory of language, London, 1956, .

56 .

08 . J. Schropfer, Wozu ein vergleichendes Worterbuch des Sinnwandels? (Ein Worterbuch semasiologischer Parallelen?), Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Linguistics, London, 1956, . 366371.

69 H. S p e r b e r, Einfuhrung in die Bedeutungslehre, Bonn Leipzig, 1923, . 67. , , Modern Language Review, XX, 1925, . 106.

70 . . u g t, Le langage figure au XVI siecle, Paris, 1933, . 118.

71 . F. n t, Histoire de la langue frangaise, X, 1, . 64 .

72 Cp. S. U11 m a n n, The image in the modern French novel, Cambridge, 1960, 140 .

73 . Wellek Warren, Theory of literature, London, 1954, . 214 .; S. U 11 m a n n, Style in the French novel, Cambridge, 1957, . 31 .

74 Z. Gombocza; . . ., . 73.

76 J. J. de Witt , De Betekeniswereld van het lichaam, Nijmegen, 1948.

76 L. Bloomfield, Language, . 429 ( . 469470).

77 : W. Stanford, Greek metaphor, Oxford, 1936, . 49; . , . 53 57.

78 . A. Wellek, Das Doppelempfinden im abendlandischen Altertum und Mittelalter, Archiv fiir die gesamte Psychologie, 80, 1931, . 120166.

79 F. Boas, Metaphorical expressions in the language of the Kwakiutl Indians, Donum Natalicium Schrijnen, Nijmegen Utrecht, 1929, 147153; . 148.

80 Cp. Z. G m b z, . ., . 7.

81 . S. U11 m a n n, Principles of semantics, . 266 .

82 . . . Whitney, Synaesthesia in Twentieth-Century Hungarian poetry, The Slavonic and East European Review, XXX, 19511952, . 444464.

83 . H. Werner, Language, XXVIH, 1952, . 256

84 . S. U 11 m a n n, La transposition dans la poesie lyrique de Hugo, Le Frangais Moderne, 19, 1951, 277295; . 287 .

85 . . S h u d , On some cases of restriction of meaning, English Studies, XXXV11, 1956, . 117124.

86 M. Breal, Essai de semantique, . 107; L. Bloomfield, . ., . 151 ( . 156); J V - dryes, Le langage, Paris, 1921, . 237 ( : . , , ., 1937, . 190).

87 . Werner, Change of meaning: a study of semantic processes through the experimental method, The Journal of General Psychology, London, 1954, . 181208, . . 203.

68 S. Freud, Totem and Taboo, London, Pelican Books, 1940, . 37.

89 O. Jespersen, Growth and structure, . 226.

90 R. F. Mansur Guerios, Tabus Linguisticos, Rio de Janeiro, 1956, . 18.

91 . A. M e 11 e t, Quelques hypotheses sur des interdictions de vocabulaire dans les langues indo-europeennes, Linguistique historique et linguistique generale, 2 . Paris 19211938: vol. 1, . 281291 . . Emeneau, Taboos on animal names, Language, 24, 1948, . 5663.

92 Mansur Guerios, . ., . 152 .; N , . ., . 275 .

93 .

H. Schreuder, Pejorative sense-development in English, 1, Groningen, 1929 . J a b e r g, Pejorative Bedeutungsentwicklung im Fran- zosischen, Zeitschrift fiir romanische Phiologie, XV, 1901, XVII, 1903 XIX, 1905.

94 . a 1, Essai de semantique, . 100.

95 . G. A. van D n g e n, Amelioratives in English, I, Rotterdam, 1933.

96 L. Bloomfield, . ., . 430 ( . 470471). . G. n f a n t , On reconstruction and linguistic method, Word, 1, 1945, . 132 161; E. e n v e n s t e, Problemes semantiques de la reconstruction, Word, X, 1954, . 251264; H. M Hoenigswald, Language change and linguistic reconstruction, Chicago, 1960.

97 Cm. Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Linguists, Oslo, 1958, . 636704. , 1- (Cambridge, ., 1962).

98 S. Potter, Modern linguistics, London, 1957, . 101.

99 . 2-

S. U 11 m a n n, Principles of semantics.

100 . . J. s, The Foundation of word-meanings: Different approaches, Lingua, I, 19471948, . 281292; . 289 .

101 . . 11 t, . ., I, . 41.

102 L. Bloomfield, . ., . 400 ( . 436).

103 S. Oh man, Theories of the Linguistic field, Word, IX, 1953, . 123134 Wortinhat und Weltbild, Stockholm, 1951. Sprache-Schliissel zur Welt. Festschrift fiir Leo Weisgerber, Diissel- dorf, 1959. . S. U 11 m a n n, Principles of semantics, . 152 . 309 .

104 . Problemes de la couleur (ed.

I. Meyerson), Paris, 1957.

105 H. H e n 1 e, . ., . 7.

106 fiver nover , 1830 1840 .; . G. z , Magyar szofejto szotar ( ), Budapest, 1941 (, fiu , ).

107 L. H j e 1 m s 1 e v, Pour une semantique structurale, VII 1- , Es- sais linguistiques, Copenhagen, 1959, . 96113; . . 104. . sudara saudara, . .

108 . L. Dumont, The Dravidian kinship terminology as an expression of marriage, Man, LIII, 1953, . 3439; : Hierarchy and marriage alliance in South Indian kinship, Occasional Papers of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 12, 1957.

109 . . . . . G 11 n, Zeitschrift fur Ethnologie, LXXXII, 1957, . 121138; W. H. Goodenough, Language, XXXII, 1956, . 195216; F. G. Lounsbury, , . 158 194; . . , , , 1959; L. Weisgerber, Vom Weltbild der deutschen Sprache, 2 , . 2-, Diisseldorf, 19531954, vol. I, . 59 . vol. II, . 81 .

110 Language, thought and reality. Selected writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf (ed. J. B. Carroll), Cambridge, Mass. New York, 1956, . 212 .

111 . L. Weisgerber, . ., II, . 255 .

112 . F. Dornseiff, Der deutsche Wortschatz nach Sachgruppen, . 5-, Berlin, 1959. . . Baldingera: Die Gestaltung des wissenschaftlichen Worterbuchs, Romanistisches Jahrbuch, V, 1952, . 6594 Alphabeti- sches oder begrifflich gegliedertes Worterbuch?, Zeitschrift fur romanische Philologie, 76, 1960, . 521536.

113 . Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Linguistics, . 7789 343373.

114 R. H a 11 g W. von Wartburg, Begriffssystem ais Grund- lage fiir die Lexikographie. Versuch eines Oranungsschemas, Ab- handlungen der deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Klasse fiir Sprachen, Literatur und Kunst, Heft 4, 1952).

115 . : Wartburg, ۸- mes et methodes, . 161, H. . Keller, Etude descriptive sur le vocabulaire de Wace, Berlin, 1953.

116 . H. J. F e r m n, Le vocabulaire de Bifrun dans sa traduction des quatre Eyangiles, Amsterdam, 1954.

117 Cp. Language in culture, . 193.

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